Great Muslim Apostasy

The Great Apostasy is a term referred to the way Western Civilization has abandoned the Traditional Christianity and more so around the loss of power for Church in the matters of State and Legislation. The term does not suggest that the whole western world has become an Apostate or does not associate itself with Christianity but what it rather mean is that the original version of Traditional Christianity is not only forgotten but quite often is being rejected and in some instances heavily criticized as well as ridiculed by some.

Great Muslim Apostasy

I see a similar movement gaining momentum in Muslim Societies at the moment. I see that we are currently experiencing something that may be remembered as part of one of the most historical developments in human civilization, perhaps even more important than the Great Apostasy of West. I see that we’ll be sitting with our grand children and telling them how we saw and have had first hand experience to see Islam (the most rigid and conservative religion) to lose its ground in the response to the culture of growing Education, Rationality, Reasoning in Muslim Societies and how the Educated Muslims started to see the original and traditional version of Islam as a Pervert Ideology responsible for holding them back in this world. And while all this was happening, there was a group of Defenders who were trying hard to protect the Traditional and Conservative version of Islam in the same way that Conservative Christians did during a long period of Great Apostasy. This group even used Terrorism in the name of Jihad but nothing helped and eventually the Great Muslim Apostasy made its way … obviously through the help of external sources such as the Media and Digital Revolution.

This might sound like a dream to you but if you analyze bit closely, you will realize that the Traditional Islam is under a serious threat right now, not only from the external elements but in fact from within the Muslim Society itself and more-so-over by the Educated (Moderate as they like to call themselves) Muslims who have clearly started feeling embarrassed over the typical interpretations of Islam that has been the source of pride for Muslim Societies for generations and centuries. Everything from Child Brides to the killing of Apostates is being severally denied by Moderate Followers of Islam with a desperate desire to take control of the Interpretation of Islam as per the modern world and modern values instead of living in 7th, 11th or even 20th century.

The Rejection of Hadith is perhaps the most fundamental change occurring right now. The culture to deny Hadith or to put shadow of doubts over its authentication isn’t new and it has a deep-rooted history with some influential figures like Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Ghulam Pervez in Indo-Pak region however for long enough these people have not only been ridiculed by calling them Pervezis (followers of Pervez) but also persecuted in some cases. Declaring openly that Hadith are the source of shame for Islam has never been easier as it is in current times. Next stage is the reinterpretation of Quran, the direct word of God as Islam claims. Just a simple Google search will guide you to hundreds of resources where not only the Verses are interpreted differently but in fact Translated differently in order to make it sound more reasonable, more humane, and more compatible with today’s world. Ironically, the same way that these Moderate Muslims blame Mullahism for introducing the corruption in Islam, the same kind of blames were associated with Church for adding stuff from Solar Monism and Mithras to attract Pagans to Christianity. Today the Muslims are questioning the deep-rooted history of Islam that many feel is filled with the Pagan Culture itself.

The movement may be in its early stages and very hard to be noticed but there is a definite growing divide between the Traditionalists and moderate Followers and its clearly indicating that the Great Muslim Apostasy is most likely certain in coming years and decades.

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Answering Theists

Wherever you go, you get to see the same questions from Theists. Whether it’s a discussion happening at the dinner table, at the BBQ Party in your backyard or the Facebook forum, same questions again and again. I thought I’ll compile some of the common questions Theists like to throw and some of the answers that I’m becoming tired of repeating on everyday basis. Hope you’ll find these useful.

Answering Theists

1. Why are you an Atheist ?
Different Atheists have different reasons for their lack of Belief, we can not have one universal standard reason that can be applied on all Atheists. Atheism literally means “not believing in the deities”, it doesn’t mean all Atheists actively propagate that there MUST be NO God, it simply means that the Deities that people believe in doesn’t make sense to Atheists the same way one Theist’s Deity doesn’t make sense to another Theist’s Deity.

There is also an urge for Theists to believe that there must be a Naughty Reason why an Atheist is an Atheist or it should be based on Atheist’s Rebellion attitude however in majority of cases this is not true. Atheists reach to their conclusion after a lot of thinking and researching unlike the Theists who are believers (majority of the cases) because of the childhood indoctrination or the lack of capability to apply critical analysis on their Beliefs.

It satisfies Ego of Theists to believe that the Atheism must be based on a some kind of Conspiracy because their argument is based on an Assumption that the Default position should always be based on a Belief of some of kind of God, and any rejection of that belief must involve a Conspiracy. This is merely a Defence Mechanism and based on lack of knowledge about how and why certain people turn into Atheists.

2. Do they believe in Out of Nothing argument ?
First of all, the default position of Atheism is based on “We Dont Know” premise, this is why it’s often too difficult to distinguish between Atheism and Agnosticism. When we say “we don’t know”, we are literally saying that anything is possible including Theist’s forced argument that “a God must have done all this” and “this might have come from nowhere or as a result of a pure accident which means it’s a mere process that might have created everything and not that some intelligent force was behind it”.

Theists then like to Assert that Atheism believes in “Out of Nothing argument”, the answer is Yes and No. Atheism believes in the possibility of “Out of Nothing argument” as much as believing in the assertions of Mayan Civilization that some Aliens must have created this universe.

3. Isnt Universe evidence of God ?
No it isn’t, I wish if it was an evidence and we could have settled down this centuries old debate.

Evidence means something we can directly verify as and when we want it to, which means it also has the ability to be reproduced again and again by using the same set of laws. In case of God as defined by Religions, we do not have any evidence. Hence the argument that the universe exists hence God exists is as valid or invalid as saying the Universe is the evidence of Aliens creating this universe for us and then watching us.

4. Can you disprove that God doesn’t exist ?
No we can’t, neither we need to. Being a Theist you are making Assertions for God’s existence hence its your responsiblity to provide evidence of his / her / their existence. The same way you can’t disprove that there exists an invisible naked boy on your head who walks with you all the time, nobody can disprove your claims for God’s existence too. But the important point here to remember is that you can’t prove your own claims that God does exist the way you define him / her / them.

5. Does Atheism makes sense ?
Everybody’s definition of Sense is different and is heavily influenced by the society this person is raised in, the authors and books this person has read and then the person’s acceptance to the fact that how much sense is possible and what will be the boundary where human logic will cease to make sense.

God’s character is itself an attempt to escape from the harsh reality of limited sense that we can make about things we don’t know. Atheists happily accept the fact that there will always be things we wouldn’t be able to make sense of them, it doesn’t mean we should start accepting the “Blunt Assertions” made by Theists because somehow they have been able to convince themselves that in the absence of true sense all these Assertions are sufficient to entertain human intelligence.

6. Who made it then ?
The whole point is that we don’t know and you don’t either. However painful and insulting this reality might sound, the fact is that nobody knows who made it. We can’t even be sure that if someone must have made it.

This argument itself is based on a deadlock where we say that everything must have been made by someone and yet we reach to the stage where we can’t explain that who made God then ? Ultimately, Theists have to break their own chain of logic and they are required to give discount to the God’s character that he / she / them must have always been there. The same way, you could argue that Nature could have always been there and doesn’t need a creator.

7. What if you were wrong ?
What if you were praying the wrong God ? Considering the number of Gods and Deities that exist, the probability of hitting the jackpot of praying to the correct God is pretty low.

Secondly, try to understand that Atheism is based on the absence of Fear (unlike theism), they do not believe that God exists that needs to be accepted and if you don’t accept him / her / them you will be punished. So this whole argument around making them scared of punishment isn’t going to help either. Atheists demand evidence not the Fear of Punishment.

8. So no Judgement day ?
Quite possibly. Its a comforting thought to believe that at the day of judgement (supposedly) there will be reward and punishment for those acts that were not dealt properly here in this world. However, just because its a comforting thought, doesn’t mean its the way thats the way its going to be. We again have no evidence for this premise.

Secondly, every religion itself has contradicting views on the concept of Judgment Day itself. The central theme in most of the mainstream religions regarding the day of judgement is around the belief in one particular God of that particular Religion and the Reward / Punishment for your Good / Bad Acts takes a back seat. So, even if you were doing good things but believing in the wrong God you will still be punished at the judgement day.

9. But so many people believe in God
This is a logical fallacy. Larger number of people believing in something doesn’t make it true. Secondly, there are thousands of Gods that different people believe in, if it was that simple we could have easily held some kind of elections throughout the world and whoever had the majority could have been declared the winners of identifying the correct God.

Fact is that Theism is a product based on Fear and the lack of capability to apply critical thinking over beliefs. The societies where education and freedom of thought as well as expression is increasing the Atheism is also increasing on parallel bases in those societies. Hence, the number of people believing in one thing or disbelieving in another thing does not make that belief right or wrong.

10. Atheists believe in Evolution
Yes and No. Not all Atheists believe in Evolution and not all Atheists care about knowing much about Evolution. However, the Theory of Evolution has become an established faculty of Science now and the Scientists are happy with the amount and quality of Evidence(s) that support the theory. Theists are most welcome to reject the theory and get left behind in the world of science.

On the other side, Theist’s rejection of Evolution is based on the fear that if they accepted Evolution it will basically mean that their Religious theories and stories around creationism will be proved wrong, so the rejection is a mere Defence Mechanism at its best.

Another interesting point to consider is that not all Theists reject Theory of Evolution. Some Theists even claim that the theory is absolutely compatible with their respective Religion. Some went even further and came up with a complete theory of Intelligent Design where God and Evolution were working closely together.

There is no one standard when it comes to the belief or disbelief in the Theory of Evolution by either Theists or Atheists.

11. Whats your purpose of life ?
Different people have different purposes of life and most of the time there are more than one purposes, in fact the purposes keep changing with time and age. Whether we like it or not, the basic purpose of humans as well as other animals remains to survive somehow in this world for as long as possible.

All the other purposes are self assumed and man-made purposes. It also depends on each individual’s nature and interests as well, some people like spending time and effort on Sports, some on literary works, some like to learn and some don’t like to do anything at all. Some find it comforting to give back as much as they can to the society while some enjoy making as much money as possible and live a good life.

The evidence suggests that Atheists take their life pretty seriously and thats how the so-called Godless Societies have worked quite hard to make their lives heaps better during last few centuries. While on the other hand, pure Religious Societies have struggled for long enough to take responsibility of their own life and they would rather keep praying to their respective God(s) to make their life better.

12. What Morality you follow ?
Its unfair to link Morality with Religions. Morality has evolved in human history as a result of desire to not only survive on this planet but to live happily here. Humans want to do good so that they can save themselves from the evil of others, this basic necessity has forced humanity to come up with the list of Moral Values and then constantly update those values as the time changes and so our requirements.

Religious Moral Code is generally based on Rigid and Unchangeable ideas that came from Ancient times. Those Moral values could have worked well for the people back in 1st century or 7th century but not necessarily for the ever-changing human conditions of today’s societies.

Some Theists have tried to introduce flexibility around Moral Codes dictated by God(s) and tried to make them compatible with current times and this is welcomed by the Godless sections of Societies which indicates the possibility that Theists and Atheists can even live together while maintaining their own view on Morality.

13. Why don’t Atheists practice Incest ?
Atheists don’t practice Incest because thats what they have learned from the society they grew up in. Some Atheists still practice Incest and so do some Theists, it doesn’t suggest anything about whether or not they were Atheists, they just practiced it because they wanted to do it same way there are Thieves or Rapists in this world regardless of the fact what beliefs they have.

Some Atheists who were raised in Muslim Societies don’t see Cousin Marriages as Incest while those who were raised in Western Societies see Cousin Marriages as a very bad practice and consider it as Incest. It all depends where you grew up.
Its also interesting to note that most of the mainstream Religions have had links to the stories related to Incest at some stage. Most of the Creationists accept that Adam and Eve made their kids marry each other, same goes for the Noah’s story after the Great Flood. In another interesting story Prophet Lot (Loot in Arabic) had sex with his own daughters. Most of the Religious figures have also been involved with Children which is considered Pedophilia today, a crime punishable by the law.

This is why we said earlier that the Morality has evolved with time instead of being revealed from some higher authority.

14. Atheist until you’re dying
No, not true. The point to understand about Atheism is that its the natural phenomena and not some kind of intentional act to avoid believing in Deities. With this proposition, Theists are literally implying that being a believer or a disbeliever is something you control yourself. While the reality is that it’s a deeply complex thought process and most of the Atheists can’t believe because those beliefs don’t make sense to them.

Different people react differently at the time of their death, some people may have had frightened experiences and might have started believing in God(s) out of an extreme fear of death. While others may have maintained their view on God’s existence and died as Atheists, Christopher Hitchens was a recent example, an outspoken Atheist who knew he was dying from Cancer and yet maintained his disbelief.

Islamic U-turns

Its interesting how Religious Trends change and in some instances make a complete U-turn.

Now Islamic
Now Islamic

The way, Eid MiladunNabi is being celebrated now is a prime example of it. Not too long ago, Birthdays were seen as sort of unIslamic and a Biddah by many in our societies. Though some people have been putting lights on their houses on 12th Rabiulawal but it was seen as a kind of Christian act as they thought it’s somehow related to what they do on XMas.

Diya was always seen as a Hindu Custom and I still remember how we were told to avoid using Diya as it reminds the typical Hindu Rituals such as Diwali.

But here we are today in Pakistan trying to make the world record of maximum number of [Diyas] on the [Birthday] of Islam’s Prophet. After a few decades from today people wouldn’t even believe that there was a time when Muslims considered Birthdays and Diyas unIslamic ..

Future of Islam by 2040s

This is the second article from the series on Future of Religion. As we discussed earlier in the previous article about what the Future looks like for Religion in general by 2040s, this time our focus is on Islam in particular.

Some of my Facebook Friends pointed out that Nigel’s claims about Religion to disappear by 2040s only looked reasonable from the Western World point of view but doesn’t sound realistic when it comes to the Islamic world. I not only agree with them but also would like to stress that the previous article was indeed about the Religion in General and not about Islamic world. The future of Islam deserves to be discussed separately as Islam is bit more unique and complicated compared to any other religion that this world has ever seen.

by 2040s
by 2040s

Quick recap of Previous Article:

  1. Nigel Barber insists that the Religion will disappear by the 2040s as the personal growth increases and the Atheism will replace Religion
  2. Kaufmann has an opposing view suggesting that the Religious Countries have an advantage of higher Birth Rate
  3. My argument was that first the Birth Rate is dropping and will continue to drop even in Under-Developed as well as Developing Countries, secondly not all countries with higher Birth Rate are Religious
  4. I also found Nigel’s claims bit too over ambitious and in my opinion while the complete death of Religion may not be possible, there are strong chances that the Religion will continue to lose is Authority of being able to act as the Last Word

Now lets apply both theories on Islamic World and see where do we stand at the moment and what could be in store for us in future.

Nigel’s argument for the Death of Religion:

This is almost no-brainer here, as I said above Islam is bit more unique and much more complicated than the Religion(s) founded in Western Societies. Major problem is the Islam’s claims of being the direct word of Allah, the God of Arabian Peninsula. But thats not the only issue here, there are several other things that makes it complicated, such as:

  1. Indoctrination: Combined with Traditional Conservatism, Islam is the best recipe for Injecting certain ideas to the Masses since their childhood and because Islam claims it to be the Literal, True and Direct word of God there isn’t much room left open for discussion and / or second thoughts. Children are Taught (not made to think) since as young as below 5 years in schools (and at homes) about the basic teachings of Islam in such a way that basically follows a certain pre-written script. Its not that the Children dont ask Questions, they do but most of times these are typical questions which can be answered easily and without having to have a deep analytical thought. At the same time while answering questions, children are also reminded NOT to think too much as thinking might lead them Astray which will eventually mean they may have to end up Burning in Hell. Having Faith is much more important then being able to seek Answers. This type of Indoctrination remains with people throughout their Adulthood life and very few (if any) are able to break this trap of “Do not Think”, let alone see the whole concept of Religion as False and unnecessary in human life.
  2. Fear of Punishment: While all Religions have had some form of laws regarding the punishment for Apostasy, Islam takes things quite seriously and to be honest this has been the major reason why Islam has not only survived for so long but also under different circumstances. Murtad or Apostate is a person that needs to be hated, reported to the Authorities and if caught should be punished to death. In most cases, this doesn’t even reach to the Authorities and is usually dealt quite sophisticated by the Mobs generated by Angry public who will be happy to either Burn the Apostate alive or will beat him to death. There has been none whatsoever case of holding those Mobs responsible for taking things into their hands and by passing the legal system, the whole society either does not see it as a crime or at least don’t bother much about it. With this kind of Fear Model, its damn hard if not virtually impossible to create Apostates in Muslim societies.
  3. Social Pressure: With the growing Globalization and Muslims migrating to various corners of the world (specially to the Western Countries with Freedom to Expression), Muslims slowly and gradually started to get exposed to the Anti-Religion ideologies and because it was easy to find material to read quite a lot of Muslims have had gone through the journey of viewing Religion (including Islam) as False and man made. However, the social pressure has successfully kept them hiding in a Closet and usually these people portray themselves as Non-Practicing (or the ones with too many confusions / questions about Islam) Muslims. Saif Rehman, the author of Allah Delusion and a social Media Activist terms them as Cultural Muslims. These people will happily maintain their link to the Muslim world while in some cases even fulfill the strict Religious Duties such as Fasting in the month of Ramadan.
  4. Political Victimization Syndrome: The more Muslim world is getting exposed to the Education, the more they are becoming interested in the world politics. Take an example of thickly populated societies like Pakistan, there are more News TV Channels than the Prime Time Entertainment Channels and these News Channels are followed almost religiously by the predominantly Male Sections of Society but also the small minority of Female section as well. General view among the Muslim world is of being the Victim of World Politics and a large majority holds American Foreign Policy responsible for the misery and poor condition of Islamic Countries. This sentiment (often successfully) creates an Anti-West ideology which then helps to create a kind of hostile environment about anything that is remotely associated with Western World. This is one of the top reasons why all of the Anti Islam material is automatically viewed as Western Funded and hence a total waste of time to read or list to it. The thought behind ignoring this material is the presumption that since the West is against Muslims, obviously they have to denounce Islam and there is no use of paying attention to any of such material. This is often counter attacked by a tit-for-tat approach and Glorifying Islam even more and also telling the Muslims that the more we go back to our Islamic roots the more chances we’ll have to defeat West.

Will Islam disappear by 2040s ? Most probably not. Will it have the same power and rights by 2040s as it has now ? Most probably not …

All these factors highlighted above are not only Real-World problems but are also major hurdles in creating awareness. However, it shouldn’t be seen as a complete darkness out there, things are changing and the Traditional Thoughts are being challenged, you might not have been able to see it happening and it may have been very slow but there are some big changes going on in the Muslim World right now, such as:

1. Social Media Revolution: As much as you would like to discredit the role that Social Media is currently playing in the Muslim world, the reality is that its making waves, some real waves of change. What started as a simple medium to connect friends together has kind of revolutionized things in the societies where speaking up or challenging Indoctrination was considered an act of crime before. One of the biggest advantage it provides to people is to completely or selectively hide their Identity while sharing their thoughts or debating with those who oppose change in society. Muslim Societies have long had this tradition of declaring Critics as Apostates and blaming them of Blasphemy to persecute them. This tool has served very well for centuries to keep the Critical Thoughts suppressed which meant a secure platform for the Traditional Ideology filled with Dogma. “Internet is where Religions come to die” they say but perhaps we never saw the role of Internet as powerful as we are witnessing currently in Muslim world.

2. Ban inst helping much: A lot of conservative countries including Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan have had attempts to ban certain things such as Pakistan decided to ban YouTube after the incident of “Innocence of Muslims”, the low budget movie depicting Islam’s Prophet in a negative way. However, the ban hasn’t helped at all, those who do want to make use of YouTube are still using Proxy Servers and other mechanisms to get to the popular video sharing web site and most importantly there doesn’t seem to be much sympathy about the Government’s decision to ban web site because people think that putting bans on web sites isn’t the solution. Some Muslims have attempted to create counter attack web sites, videos, forums and so on but the major problem is that it still doesn’t stop the Criticism.

3. Conventional Media: Newspapers, TV Channels and other forms of conventional media is another hot spot where Secular Force seems to be concentrating right now. Specially the TV channels are making a real difference at the moment, a lot of Taboos which were impossible to be discussed openly in past are clearly being challenged almost everyday on almost ever channel. Even sensitive topics such as the issue of marrying your under-age daughters has turned into a kind of Social Abuse instead of what used to be a norm and in fact a cultural pride in past. The fundamentalists don’t find much chance to criticize this Trend because they too are using the same Media to propagate their message. Geo TV in Pakistan for example is planning to start a new Cartoon Series for kids which seems to be making use of Malala Yousufzai’s incident and then turning it into an opportunity to bash Taliban and other Fundamentalists in the name of Promoting Girls Education.

4. Cultural Shifts: There are few major cultural shifts happening at the moment, a lot of things that were considered the matter of pride in past are now becoming unaccepted practices. Take Polygamy for example, something which was not only integral part of many Muslim Societies and was never even questioned in these societies are now looked down and in some instances an attempt for a second marriage may invite a lot of backlash from family and social circle. If you are a Muslim man living in an educated urban society and want to use your religious right to have another wife, be prepared to face the backlash and don’t expect that it will be easily accepted by your first wife, children and your friends circle.

5. Young and frustrated Muslims: This is related to the Kufmann’s argument of Population Bomb that we discussed in the previous post. While its true that the Under-Developed (not necessarily Muslims only) societies have more population growth compared to the developed countries, the fact is that the speed of this growth has slowed down significantly. Mainly because of the Socio-Economic conditions, the average number of children per family has dropped down to anywhere between 2 to 5 while in past it was considered normal to have 10+ children. Secondly, the more people are getting educated the more competition for jobs is also increasing that puts a lot of pressure on the Job Market. This often results in a large group of young, educated and frustrated boys and girls who question the reasons for such poor economic conditions. So, while there are youths being attracted to fundamental activities such as becoming radicals through Religious means, there are also young people who are turning away from the cultural and religious reasons which they hold responsible for all this economic mess.

Muslim Societies have long had this tradition of declaring Critics as Apostates and blaming them of Blasphemy to persecute them but Internet proves to be a major challenge for Islam …

So what about Islam by 2040s:

It’s a million dollar question, isn’t it ? While I can see things changing and the Muslim Conservatism being unable to fight with the Technology Revolution, I also see the growing fundamentalism and the political frustration in Muslim Societies as a major problem. We may be heading for a major clash at some stage but how big that clash will be or could be depends on the third force that we discussed earlier. This third force is the Liberal Sections from within the Muslim Society that is a silent majority at the moment and its growing at a faster pace than expected. Fundamentalists are running out of support needed from this third force as the people are busy in their day-to-day activities of life while at the same time these fundamental Forces are being depicted as an Evil Force in the media. In my opinion, the case for fundamentalists is only becoming weaker with passing time but the change on the other hand is very slow and in some cases may even appear as there is no change happening at all.

Will Islam disappear by 2040s ? Most probably not. Will it have the same power and rights by 2040s as it has now ? Most probably not …

Future of Religion by 2041

This is first article in the Series of Future of Religion in this world, next articles in this series will cover specific details about how the future looks like for Islam and a detailed study about Pakistan.

Future Of Religion
Future Of Religion

You must have come across a new study based on the claims by the Author and noted Biopsychologist Nigel Barber about Religion to disappear by somewhere between 2038 to 2041. Following are the main points discussed in his study:

  1. Atheism is most prevalent in developed countries
  2. According to his projections, religion will completely disappear by 2041
  3. Research carried out in 137 countries, Nigel found that atheism increases for countries with a well-developed welfare state (as indexed by high taxation rates)
  4. He argues that the phenomenon of religion declining as personal wealth increases
  5. He cites the reason as people having less of a need for supernatural beliefs when the tangible, natural world is providing for their needs.
  6. He concludes that the majority of the world will come to view religion as completely irrelevant by 2041

On contrary, Political Scientist Eric Kaufmann has a different view. Kaufmann states that the ever growing population in the Religious Countries / Societies will eventually mean that the Religious people will outnumber Secular Population because the population growth in Developed Societies can not compete with the Population Bomb in Under Developed (not necessarily Religious) countries.

How do we define the basis to consider the death of Religion ?

Before we jump to the conclusions, lets do a quick analysis on Nigel’s claims and Kauffman’s opposing views.

Quick Analysis:

In my opinion, we’ll first have to define the criteria to decide when we can consider Religion(s) to have disappeared. If, by disappear we mean not to have a single person on earth believing in Religion then Nigel’s claim doesn’t sound to be realistic and may be termed as bit too over ambitious. However, if we can agree on the following list then we may have a real possibility even well before 2040s.

  1. Religion not to have Final Word in important / major decisions made by Government and more importantly on Society Levels
  2. Moral Values to be dictated by today’s needs and ever-changing circumstances of society
  3. Religion to lose ground on its insisting for an automatic right to be Respected
  4. End of Blasphemy Laws making room for more freedom of expression freedom to criticize ideas
  5. End of Conservative Tribal System and an open acceptance towards tolerant multicultural societies

Kauffman’s Population Bomb Argument:

Kauffman’s argument has a realistic side to it, the societies in Developed Countries (with growing Atheists) have a Declining Population problem while the population bomb is a reality but not necessarily in Religious Countries only. India and China are prime examples, while China has already successfully controlled the population growth problem the country is still the biggest country in world with 1.35 billion followed by India with 1.21 billion people today. Ironically, Religion isn’t the center of universe in Chinese Society and at the same time India could be termed as the biggest country with a growing Secular Population where the Religion is taking a back seat at a faster pace than expected earlier.

More population in Religious countries does not necessarily mean better societies …

Second issue is that the more Middle Class System is getting strong hold in countries with Population bomb they are also following the same Population Control mechanism that Western or even Chinese Societies adopted. Even otherwise Conservative and Religious societies in countries like Pakistan, Iran and Middle East are losing their passion for Larger Families and people have started to get comfortable with the ideas of Two to Four kids at maximum.

Last but not the least, Economic Conditions will drive the basis for how many Kids a particular Family from a specific society will be able to afford. The Working Middle Class is on the rise in societies like India and gradually the Religion is taking back seat in today’s Fast Pace life. It doesn’t or may not mean the end / death of Religion but what it means is that the role of Religion is changing in their life, the long list of typical Religious Practices is being replaced by a new interpretation of Religion where God does / might exist but not have to dictate every aspect of their life.

There is also a Fallacy in this population Argument. More people does not mean better people and it might come down to the same basic Quality v/s Quantity argument. The deciding factor will depend on how much and what role the Religion will play to make their life better and whether or not it can fulfill the basic necessities of people. If the Religion combined with Traditional Conservatism fails to make their life better that might give rise to a growing frustrated young generation ready to blame Religion as well as Conservatism for society’s failures.

My Conclusion:

The desire to take Religion out of mainstream society seems to be real and not a new phenomena itself and also seems to be heading into the direction desired by the Secularists but a complete disappearance of Religion may not be possible from every corner of the world. In fact this divide between Religious and Secular Societies may grow further in different countries. However, the Authority enjoyed by Religion or so-called Divine Orders today looks almost certain to be slowly diminishing, given the fact that the current wave of Democratization not only continues but also gets stronger.

The desire to take Religion out of mainstream society seems to be real one

In next article we’ll discuss how the Future of Islam looks in coming years …